state not required; need not be early morning
sample; includes physical, chemical and
kidney and systemic diseases can be suspected
from an abnormal urine analysis report.
Routine examinations can provide a clue
for raised blood sugar level, an elevated
bilirubin and urinary tract infection. Elevated
proteins and/or cellular casts (red blood
cells) indicate primary kidney disease like
state not required Aspiration of synovial
fluid is a bed-side procedure. Gross examination,
chemical analysis and microscopy are performed.
A centrifuged deposit is examined for crystals.
fluid analysis is very useful to narrow
the differential diagnosis of single or
few joint arthritis. Synovial fluid analysis
is important to clinch the diagnosis of
infections (both pyogenic and tuberculosis)
and gout (demonstration of crystals).